To understand the properties of invasive species and learn about aquatic invasive species and their effect on aquatic ecosystems.
In this lesson, students will choose one aquatic invasive species, investigate its life history, distribution, and possible solutions or management practices to control the species and/or its impacts. From this information they will create an “unwanted” poster to engage local citizens and help them understand the importance of controlling the organism.
See discussion questions that provide additional background information and some leading questions to help guide discussions about aquatic invasive species.
The lesson is designed in four parts:
- A classroom activity to familiarize students with the aquatic invertebrates they will be collecting;
- a field activity where students explore an aquatic system to determine the presence or absence of aquatic invasive species (see tips on preparing for a water related activity to have a safe and meaningful experience);
- follow up STEM activities, discussion, data analysis, and presentation of results
- and watershed connections.
1. Define the term aquatic invasive species. (Aquatic invasive species are non-native to a given ecosystem and whose introduction causes, or is likely to cause, harm to the economy, the environment, or human health) Talk about why invasive species are a threat to native species in a given ecosystem. See discussion questions #5 and 6
2. Give students examples of invasive species or as a class, visit the USDA National Invasive Species Information Center to discuss the profiles of invasive species. For a list of aquatic invasive species in Utah, visit the Utah Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan.
3. Ask the students if they are aware of any aquatic invasive species in their watershed. Ask them about possible ways the invasive species were introduced into the watershed. Be sure to inform them of the human activities which often introduce aquatic invasive species to an area (see background information for help with this discussion)
1. Explain to the students they will be researching an aquatic invasive species and creating an "unwanted" poster to help educate others.
2. You can separate the students into small groups or have students work individually. Assign each group (or student) a specific aquatic invasive species that is present in your state. See the USDA National Invasive Species Information Center for a list of aquatic invasive species in the US. See the Utah Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan for a list of aquatic invasive species in Utah.
3. Have students use the Internet or other resources (academic journals, university professors, state agency professionals, etc) to research their assigned invasive species. As they complete their research, students should fill out the research worksheet citing sources app
4. Each group (or student) will then make a creative, informative poster of their invasive species using the information from their research worksheet. This can be done on the computer or with art supplies. Example of a poster can be found here.
5. After the posters are completed, each group (or student) should share their poster
in a brief presentation. Additionally, the posters can be displayed within the school
or community to educate others on aquatic invasive species within your state.
Note: As a review, play Aquatic Invasion! Board Game with your students.
Prepare for Field Activity:
Proper preparation, before entering the field, is important to class safety. Follow the links below for tips for thorough preparation.
1. Set up observation areas using flagging tape, or other visible markers, near a local water body (stream, pond, lake, or wetland). Each area should cover a different habitat type (e.g. in stream pool, in stream riffle, riparian, flood plain, etc). You will need to provide kick nets and plastic tubs for in stream habitats. Demonstrate how to sample with a kick net.
2. Ask the students to look around and observe what activities take place at the field trip location (e.g. camping, boating, fishing, hiking, etc). Ask students how these activities can facilitate the spread of invasive species (for example, when people boat in multiple water bodies without disinfecting their boat the likelihood of spreading invasive species increase).
3. Divide students into groups of 4-5 and provide each with a map of the area and
an aquatic invasive species field guide. Assign each group an observation area.
5. Have the students canvas their observation area (if might be helpful to set up quadrants to do this). They should record on their map the location of any aquatic invasive species they find. If time allows, have students rotate through observation areas.
Note: It is likely that the students will not find an invasive species; however, this is an opportunity to reinforce Best Management Practices (BMPs) in their fieldwork (e.g., properly disinfecting).
The following are suggestions to help students gain a better understanding of aquatic invasive species.
1. Compare student observations with animated maps on the USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species information resource (vertebrate and invertebrate species only). Students can also report the invasive species they find on the USGS sighting report form.
2. Use GPS units and GIS software to create aquatic invasive species distribution maps (create a free, public account with ArcGIS here). By doing this year after year, students can compare their maps with maps from previous years.
3. Have the student's enter their observations onto a national citizen science website. The following sites record observations that people report from areas around them.
4. Have students create an outreach campaign for the community based on their posters of the aquatic invasive species. This can include tips and suggestions for the prevention of introduction and spreading of aquatic invasive species.
5. Have a guest speaker from an agency implementing invasive species action plans or with knowledge and experience on invasive species come speak to the class.
Curriculum and Teacher Materials
Core Alignments by Grade:
Materials and Worksheets:
For Proper preparation:
- Printable PDF Version of Lesson (some text may be different)
Worksheets and More: